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Indonesia……….? PDF Print E-mail
Written by yanti   
Wednesday, 12 July 2017 10:00

ImageIndonesia,itulah Negara kita tercinta……..Nama Indonesia bukanlah hanya sekedar nama. Seperti halnya nama kita. Nama kita pasti memiliki sejarah tersendiri dan memiliki makna. Begitu juga dengan nama Negara kita.Indonesia berasal dari bahasa latin yaitu Indus yang berarti “India” dan kata dalam bahasa Yunani nesos yang berarti pulau. Jadi kata Indonesia berarti ilayah India Kepulauan , atau kepualauan yang berada di India, yang menunjukkan bahwa nama ini terbentuk jauh sebelum Indonesia menjadi negara berdaulat. Akhirnya sejak tahun 1900 nama Negara Indonesia menjadi lebih umum. Adolf Bastian dari Universitas Berlin mempopulerkan nama ini melalui nuku Indonesien oder die Inseln des Malayischen Archipels, 1884-1894. Pelajar Indoneisa yang menggunakan buku itu adalah Suwardi Suryaningrat ( Ki Hajar Dewantara )



Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia (disingkat NKRI atau Indonesia atau Republik Indonesia atau RI) adalah negara di Asia Tenggara, melintang di khatulistiwa antara benua Asia dan Australia serta antara Samudra Pasifik dan Samudra Hindia. Karena letaknya yang berada di antara dua benua, dan dua samudra, ia disebut juga sebagai Nusantara (Kepulauan Antara). Terdiri dari 17.508 pulau, Indonesia adalah negara kepulauan terbesar di dunia. Dengan populasi sebesar 222 juta jiwa pada tahun 2006,[3] Indonesia adalah negara terpadat keempat di dunia dan negara yang berpenduduk Muslim terbesar di dunia, meskipun secara resmi bukanlah negara Islam. Bentuk pemerintahan Indonesia adalah republik, dengan Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat dan presiden yang dipilih langsung. Ibukota negara ialah Jakarta. Indonesia berbatasan dengan Malaysia di pulau Kalimantan, dengan Papua Nugini di pulau Papua dan dengan Timor Leste di pulau Timor. Negara tetangga lainnya adalah Singapura, Filipina, Australia, dan wilayah persatuan Kepulauan Andaman dan Nikobar di India.

Indonesia terletak pada koordinat 6°LU-11°LS dan 95°BT-141°BT. Letak geografis Indonesia yaitu, terletak diantara dua benua yaitu Benua Asia dan Benua Australia dan terletak diantara dua samudra yaitu Samudra Hindia dan Samudra Pasifik.

Luas daratan Indonesia adalah 1.922.570 km² dan luas perairannya 3.257.483 km². Pulau terpadat penduduknya adalah pulau Jawa, di mana setengah populasi Indonesia hidup. Indonesia terdiri dari 5 pulau besar, yaitu: Jawa dengan luas 132.107 km², Sumatra dengan luas 473.606 km², Kalimantan dengan luas 539.460 km², Sulawesi dengan luas 189.216 km², dan Papua dengan luas 421.981 km². Batas wilayah Indonesia searah penjuru mata angin, yaitu:

Lokasi Indonesia juga terletak di lempeng tektonik, yang berarti Indonesia rawan terkena gempa bumi dan dapat menimbulkan tsunami.[30] Indonesia juga banyak memiliki gunung berapi[31], salah satu yang sangat terkenal adalah gunung Krakatau, terletak di selat Sunda antara pulau Sumatra dan Jawa.

 

Last Updated on Tuesday, 08 August 2017 23:54
 

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